10. Rikers Island, New York, New York
Inmates here group themselves by race in order to avoid riots. A number of gangs such as the Latin Kings, Bloods, Crips and Trinitarios have large numbers here. Beatings, murders and stabbings were common in the 90s. Although stricter policies have been enforced, it has not stopped the violence. Rikers Island is a prison complex in New York that is named after the island on which it is located. The island itself is in the East River and covers an area of approximately 413 acres. The island was named after Abraham Ryckens who acquired it in 1664. The institution is managed by the New York City Department of Correction and has a budget allocation of more than $ 800 million annually. A team of 10,000 agents and 1,500 civilians are in charge of the admissions of 100,000 annually and an internal population of almost 10,000. The jail complex is also famous for the abuse and neglect of prisoners who attract the attention of the media and the judiciary, resulting in several lawsuits against the New York government. It is also a dangerous place to work for both the civilian and the officers due to the numerous attacks of the inmates. Riker Island is not a prison according to US terminology. The complex consists of 10 prisons that detain criminals who are awaiting trials, prisoners serving sentences of one year or less, and those awaiting transfer to another facility. The island is home to ten of the 15 correction facilities in New York. The complex can accommodate up to 15,000 inmates. The complex has facilities for young adult men between the ages of 16 and 18, teenage women, adult women and men, and an infirmary for prisoners who require medical attention. Inmates with contagious diseases are in the West Facility. Inmates who need extreme protective custody or who have special health needs are in the Northern Nursing Command. The island can only be accessed from Queens through the Francis Buono Bridge. The desire to establish a prison on the island was first expressed by New York City in 1925. The prison was built in 1932 to replace the old prison that was on Welfare Island. Rikers Island was subsequently expanded from 90 acres to 415 by 1945 using the landfill. The expansion of the island allowed the prison to also expand. The House of Detention for Men was completed in 1935. Several correctional centers were built on the island to meet the growing demand. Today, the complex has ten prisons and several facilities with a capacity to accommodate 15,000 inmates and has a daily average of 10,000 inmates, while the daytime population, including inmates and staff is 20,000. Click the next ARROW to see the next image!